The origin and timing of multiphase cementation in carbonates: impact of regional scale geodynamic events on the Middle Jurassic Limestones diagenesis (Paris Basin, France). - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Sedimentary Geology Year : 2009

The origin and timing of multiphase cementation in carbonates: impact of regional scale geodynamic events on the Middle Jurassic Limestones diagenesis (Paris Basin, France).

Abstract

The Middle Jurassic carbonates of the eastern part of the Paris Basin display surprisingly low values of porosity and permeability (Φb15‰ and Kb0.5 mD). The main objective of this study is to determine the causes and timing of the cementation that altered the petrophysical properties of these carbonates thereby destroying their potential as oil reservoirs; a fate that did not befall their equivalents in deeper, central parts of the Paris Basin. Using petrographic and geochemical analyses (stable O and C isotopes, Sr isotopes, major elements), we identify six calcitic spar stages, two dolomite stages, and several episodes of fracturing and stylolitization ordered in paragenetic sequence. Cement quantification shows the predominance of two blocky calcite cement stages (75% of total cementation). O and Sr isotopes from these calcite cements suggest that the parent fluids resulted either from a mixing of trapped Jurassic seawater and meteoric water, or from buffered meteoric waters. In the geological history of the Paris Basin, major meteoric water inputs were possible during the Early Cretaceous, when the Middle Jurassic carbonates cropped out at its northern and eastern borders. Lateral meteoric recharge may have occurred as a result of two separate uplift events (Late Cimmerian Unconformity and Late Aptian Unconformity) and the related exposures of carbonates to the north of the study area. This palaeohydrological circulation brought about a significant reduction of porosity (from 40% to 10%) through calcite cement precipitation. The Early Cretaceous events are of great importance in the diagenetic evolution of the sedimentary basins bordering the London-Brabant Massif across all of northwestern Europe. A subsequent dolomite and calcite cementation stage accounts for about 5% of the total cement volumes. This late cementation may have been caused by hydrothermal fluids ascending along permeable fractures during the Late Oligocene extension episode.

Dates and versions

hal-00434172 , version 1 (20-11-2009)

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Benjamin Brigaud, Christophe Durlet, Jean-François Deconinck, Benoît Vincent, Jacques Thierry, et al.. The origin and timing of multiphase cementation in carbonates: impact of regional scale geodynamic events on the Middle Jurassic Limestones diagenesis (Paris Basin, France).. Sedimentary Geology, 2009, 222 (3-4), pp.161-180. ⟨10.1016/j.sedgeo.2009.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-00434172⟩
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