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Journal Articles Quaternary International Year : 2008

Lateglacial and Holocene climate oscillations in the South−western Alps : An attempt at quantitative reconstruction

Abstract

The high topographic complexity of the Alpine region is at the origin of important climate differences which characterise the different areas of the Alps. These differences might have had a strong influence on vegetation and on migrations of human populations in the past. Based on an improved data base containing about 3000 modern pollen samples, the standard “Modern Analogue Technique” has been applied to five pollen sequences from the subalpine belt of the South-western Italian Alps (Laghi dell'Orgials, 2240 m, Lago delle Fate, 2130 m, Torbiera del Biecai, 1920 m, Rifugio Mondovì, 1760 m, Pian Marchisio, 1624 m) to provide quantitative climate estimates for the Lateglacial and Holocene periods. Consistent climate trends are reconstructed for the different sequences. Sites recorded in detail the climate variations when they were located at the limit of two ecotones. Sites above the tree line recorded lower temperature values and less important variations. Climate was cold and dry during the Oldest and Younger Dryas and close to present-day values during the Bølling/Allerød interstadial. At the beginning of the Holocene, climate changed to warmer and moister conditions; a high number of climate fluctuations are recorded at several sites. A climate optimum is recorded in the Atlantic period, which caused a development of fir above its present-day altitudinal distribution. Climatic differences recorded at the various sites are discussed taking into account the limits of the method.

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Global Changes
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Dates and versions

hal-00419165 , version 1 (22-09-2009)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00419165 , version 1

Cite

Elena Ortu, Odile Peyron, Amandine Bordon, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu, Consolata Siniscalco, et al.. Lateglacial and Holocene climate oscillations in the South−western Alps : An attempt at quantitative reconstruction. Quaternary International, 2008, 190, pp.71−88. ⟨hal-00419165⟩
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