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Journal Articles Comptes Rendus Géoscience Year : 2008

Present-day sea level rise: A synthesis

Abstract

Measuring sea level change and understanding its causes have improved considerably in the recent years, essentially because new in situ and remote sensing data sets have become available. Here we report on the current knowledge of present-day sea level change. We briefly present observational results on sea level change from satellite altimetry since 1993 and tide gauges for the past century. We next discuss recent progress made in quantifying the processes causing sea level change on time scales ranging from years to decades, i.e., thermal expansion, land ice mass loss and land water storage change. For the 1993-2003 decade, the sum of climate-related contributions agree well (within the error bars) with the altimetry-based sea level, half of the observed rate of rise being due to ocean thermal expansion, land ice plus land waters explaining the other half. Since about 2003, thermal expansion increase has stopped, whereas the sea level continues to rise, although at a reduced rate compared to the previous decade (2.5 mm/yr versus 3.1 mm/yr). Recent increases in glacier melting and ice mass loss from the ice sheets appear able to account alone for the rise in sea level reported over the last five years. To cite this article: A. Cazenave et al., C R. Geoscience 340 (2008). (C) 2008 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Dates and versions

hal-00409130 , version 1 (06-08-2009)

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  • HAL Id : hal-00409130 , version 1

Cite

A. Cazenave, A. Lombard, W. Llovel. Present-day sea level rise: A synthesis. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 2008, 340 (11), pp.761-770. ⟨hal-00409130⟩
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