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Journal Articles Dalton Transactions Year : 2006

Positively charged GdIII cryptates: slow, associative water exchange


A combined variable-temperature and multiple field 17O NMR, EPR and NMRD study has been performed for the first time on gadolinium(III) complexes of cryptand ligands, L1 and L2, where L1 contains three 2,2'-bipyridine units ([bpy.bpy.bpy]) and L2 is the disubstituted methyl ester derivative of L1. The experimental data have been analysed in a simultaneous fit in order to determine parameters for water exchange, rotational dynamics and electronic relaxation for both complexes. The cryptates have three water molecules in the inner sphere which exchange with a rate of k(ex)298 = 1.8 x 10(6) s(-1) and 0.97 x 10(6) s(-1) for [GdL1(H2O)3]3+ and [GdL2(H2O)3)]3+, respectively. The k(ex)298 values obtained for these positively charged cryptates are smaller than those of the negatively charged Gd-poly(amino carboxylate) complexes. The water exchange mechanism was assessed for [GdL2(H2O)3]3+ by variable-pressure 17O NMR relaxation measurements. Based on the activation volume, DeltaV++ = -2.5 cm3 mol(-1), the water exchange is an associative interchange process. The proton relaxivities, r1, of the cryptate complexes are 9.79 mM(-1) s(-1) for [GdL1(H2O)3]3+ and 11.18 mM(-1) s(-1) for [GdL2(H2O)3]3+ (298 K, 20 MHz), which, due to the presence of three inner sphere water molecules, represent much higher values than those obtained for Gd3+ poly(amino carboxylate) complexes of similar molecular weight.

Dates and versions

hal-00387993 , version 1 (26-05-2009)



László Burai, Éva Tóth, Hervé Bazin, Meriem Benmelouka, Zoltán Jászberényi, et al.. Positively charged GdIII cryptates: slow, associative water exchange. Dalton Transactions, 2006, 28 (4), pp.629-634. ⟨10.1039/b506700f⟩. ⟨hal-00387993⟩
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