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Journal Articles SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics Year : 2005

A mathematical study of the hematopoiesis process with applications to chronic myelogenous leukemia

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the analysis of a mathematical model of blood cells production in the bone marrow (hematopoiesis). The model is a system of two age-structured partial differential equations. Integrating these equations over the age, we obtain a system of two nonlinear differential equations with distributed time delay corresponding to the cell cycle duration. This system describes the evolution of the total cell populations. By constructing a Lyapunov functional, it is shown that the trivial equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable if it is the only equilibrium. It is also shown that the nontrivial equilibrium, the most biologically meaningful one, can become unstable via a Hopf bifurcation. Numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the analytical results. The study maybe helpful in understanding the connection between the relatively short cell cycle durations and the relatively long periods of peripheral cell oscillations in some periodic hematological diseases.
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Dates and versions

hal-00375977 , version 1 (16-04-2009)

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Mostafa Adimy, Fabien Crauste, Shigui Ruan. A mathematical study of the hematopoiesis process with applications to chronic myelogenous leukemia. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 2005, 65 (4), pp.1328-1352. ⟨10.1137/040604698⟩. ⟨hal-00375977⟩
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