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Journal Articles European Polymer Journal Year : 2007

Kinetics of water sorption in flax and PET fibers

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Abstract

Composite materials are usually reinforced by synthetic fibers as carbon, glass etc.... Because of their good mechanical properties and low density, natural fibers are being considered more preferentially as reinforcement. The application of natural fibers as reinforcements in composite materials requires a strong adhesion between the fiber and the matrix. The poor resistance towards water absorption is one of the drawbacks of natural fibers which makes it more important to understand the dynamic properties of penetration of water molecules through these heterogeneous materials. Water vapour sorption kinetics in natural flax fibers have been performed at 25 °C by using an electronic microbalance (IGA, Hiden). By using the Fickian model for a complete cylinder water diffusion coefficients have been determined and calculated at short times (first half-sorption) and long times (second half-sorption) of kinetic curve and for different water activities. The values obtained for D1 and D2 are rather similar on the all range of water activity. Generally, water diffusivity increases and then decreases with water activity. The increase of diffusivity at low water activities may be explained on the basis of the dual mode sorption (Langmuir and Henry sorption's combination) whereas the decrease for the higher activities can be attributed to the immobilization of sorbed water molecules due to the water clustering.
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Dates and versions

hal-00372846 , version 1 (02-04-2009)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00372846 , version 1

Cite

Fabrice Gouanvé, Stéphane Marais, A. Bessadok, Dominique Langevin, Michel Métayer. Kinetics of water sorption in flax and PET fibers. European Polymer Journal, 2007, 43 (2), pp.586-598. ⟨hal-00372846⟩
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