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Journal Articles Plant Physiology Year : 2009

Tyrosine and Phenylalanine Are Synthesized within the Plastids in Arabidopsis.

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Abstract

While the presence of a complete shikimate pathway within plant plastids is definitively established, the existence of a cytosolic postchorismate portion of the pathway is still debated. This question is alimented by the presence of a chorismate mutase (CM) within the cytosol. Until now, the only known destiny of prephenate, the product of CM, is incorporation into tyrosine (Tyr) and/or phenylalanine (Phe). Therefore, the presence of a cytosolic CM suggests that enzymes involved downstream of CM in Tyr or Phe biosynthesis could be present within the cytosol of plant cells. It was thus of particular interest to clarify the subcellular localization of arogenate dehydrogenases (TYRAs) and arogenate dehydratases (ADTs), which catalyze the ultimate steps in Tyr and Phe biosynthesis, respectively. The aim of this study was to address this question in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) by analysis of the subcellular localization of the two TYRAAts and the six AtADTs. This article excludes the occurrence of a spliced TYRAAt1 transcript encoding a cytosolic TYRA protein. Transient expression analyses of TYRA- and ADT-green fluorescent protein fusions reveal that the two Arabidopsis TYRA proteins and the six ADT proteins are all targeted within the plastid. Accordingly, TYRA and ADT proteins were both immunodetected in the chloroplast soluble protein fraction (stroma) of Arabidopsis. No TYRA or ADT proteins were immunodetected in the cytosol of Arabidopsis cells. Taken together, all our data exclude the possibility of Tyr and/or Phe synthesis within the cytosol, at least in green leaves and Arabidopsis cultured cells.

Dates and versions

hal-00370374 , version 1 (24-03-2009)

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Pascal Rippert, Juliette Puyaubert, Delphine Grisollet, Laure Derrier, Michel Matringe. Tyrosine and Phenylalanine Are Synthesized within the Plastids in Arabidopsis.. Plant Physiology, 2009, 149 (3), pp.1251-60. ⟨10.1104/pp.108.130070⟩. ⟨hal-00370374⟩
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