Visual laterality responses to different emotive stimuli by red-capped mangabeys, Cercocebus torquatus torquatus. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Animal Cognition Year : 2009

Visual laterality responses to different emotive stimuli by red-capped mangabeys, Cercocebus torquatus torquatus.

Abstract

Hemispheric asymmetry in emotional perception has been put forward by different theories as the right hemisphere theory or the valence theory. But no consensus was found about the role played by both hemispheres. So, in order to test the different theories, we investigated preferential use of one eye in red-capped mangabeys, at the individual as well as at the group level. In this study we investigated the influence of the emotional value of stimuli on the direction and strength of visual preference of 14 red-capped mangabeys. Temporal stability of the bias of use of a given eye was evaluated by comparing our current results to those obtained 2.5 months previously. Two experimental devices, a tube and a box, tested five different stimuli: four food types varying in palatability and a neutral stimulus. The subjects' food preferences were evaluated before testing the laterality. The mangabeys used their left eyes predominantly at the group level for the tube task. The majority of the subjects showed a visual preference at the individual level for the box task, but this bias was not present at the group level. As the palatability of the stimuli increased, the number of lateralized subjects and the number of subjects using preferentially their left eye increased. Similarly, the strength of laterality was related to food preference. Strength of laterality was significantly higher for subjects using their left eye than for subjects using their right eye. Preferential use of a given eye was stable over short periods 2.5 months later. Our data agree with reports on visual laterality for other species. Our results support the valence theory of a hemispheric sharing of control of emotions in relation to their emotional value.

Dates and versions

hal-00359147 , version 1 (06-02-2009)

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Marion de Latude, Marianne Demange, Philippe Bec, Catherine Blois-Heulin. Visual laterality responses to different emotive stimuli by red-capped mangabeys, Cercocebus torquatus torquatus.. Animal Cognition, 2009, 12 (1), pp.31-42. ⟨10.1007/s10071-008-0166-z⟩. ⟨hal-00359147⟩
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