The Impact of El Niño - Southern Oscillation Events on South America - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Advances in Geosciences Year : 2006

The Impact of El Niño - Southern Oscillation Events on South America

Abstract

The presence of ENSO Events in South America is felt in two ways: a) through its effects on both the atmosphere and ocean systems, and b) through its impacts on natural ecosystems (both marine and terrestrial) and on societal and economical sectors (like fisheries, health, and agriculture).

The main effects of El Niño/La Niña are: Increment/Decrement of sea surface temperature and salinity, Increment/Decrement of sea level and wave activity, Increment/Decrement of air temperature and amount of ultra violet radiation reaching the surface of the earth, and Changes in the rainfall and evaporation patterns.

It is not easy to make an "average" pattern of ENSO impacts for a variety of reasons: the impacts depend greatly of factors like geographical extent and position of the oceanic anomalies, and intensity and timing of the anomalies; also the influence of social, economic and political structures determines whether climate anomalies caused by ENSO in a particular region will lead to severe societal and economical impacts.

The scientific community also plays a potential role in the extent of the impacts that ENSO can produce, if scientists can provide information on the impact of the presence of ENSO by identifying and focusing on its precursors, intervention could be taken early enough. There is however, something to be said against that: information can be misleading, target inappropriate at-risk groups, or generate a false sense of security.

Domains

Earth Sciences
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
adgeo-6-221-2006.pdf (375.61 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Explicit agreement for this submission

Dates and versions

hal-00296943 , version 1 (18-06-2008)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00296943 , version 1

Cite

J. L. Santos. The Impact of El Niño - Southern Oscillation Events on South America. Advances in Geosciences, 2006, 6, pp.221-225. ⟨hal-00296943⟩

Collections

INSU EGU
199 View
293 Download

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More