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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2007

An analysis of the correlations between the turbulent flow and the sound pressure fields of subsonic jets

Abstract

Noise generation is investigated in subsonic isothermal round jets at Mach numbers M =0.6 and M =0.9, with Reynolds numbers ReD =1700 and ReD 105, using causality methods on data provided by large-eddy simulations. The correlations between broadband sound pressure signals and broadband turbulence signals along the jet axis and the shear layer are calculated. The normalized correlations are found to be significant between the pressure emitted in the downstream direction and centreline flow quantities. They are much smaller in the cases involving flow quantities along the shear layer, and fall for large emission angles. The maximum correlations obtained between centreline turbulence and downstream sound pressure are observed just at the end of the potential core for time delays corresponding to the times of propagation evaluated along ray paths. They also appear to be lower as the Mach number is reduced, and to be enhanced as the Reynolds number is decreased. These correlation levels can reasonably be attributed to the noise source which is predominant at small emission angles. This source is therefore located on the jet centreline at the end of the potential core, in a flow region which is shown to be characterized by a dominant Strouhal number over a large axial distance, by a strong level of intermittency, and by a high convection velocity. This supports the contention that the downstream jet-noise component is connected to the periodic and intermittent intrusion of vortical structures into the jet core.
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Dates and versions

hal-00272249 , version 1 (17-12-2009)

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Christophe Bogey, Christophe Bailly. An analysis of the correlations between the turbulent flow and the sound pressure fields of subsonic jets. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2007, 583, pp.71-97. ⟨10.1017/S002211200700612X⟩. ⟨hal-00272249⟩
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