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Journal Articles Comptes Rendus Mécanique Year : 2006

Modelling and simulation of powder-snow avalanches


Finite volume release gravity currents of large density contrast on steep slopes, representing powder-snow avalanches, are simulated numerically using a dynamic mesh adaptation technique. This technique allows one to treat large Reynolds numbers and large density contrast flows, but it is (presently) restricted to two dimensions. Comparison of numerical results with experiments in the Boussinesq limit shows that 2D simulations capture the essential dynamics. The physics of powder-snow avalanches is analysed on hand of the similarity model developed by Rastello and Hopfinger (2004) and briefly reproduced here. The numerical simulations provide the closure parameters required in this model and give access to the flow structure. The non-Boussinesq effect is to decrease substantially the spatial growth in height and to increase the aspect ratio, hence the overall flow structure.
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hal-00623070 , version 1 (16-09-2011)



Jocelyn Etienne, Marie Rastello, Emil J. Hopfinger. Modelling and simulation of powder-snow avalanches. Comptes Rendus Mécanique, 2006, 334 (8-9), pp.545 -- 554. ⟨10.1016/j.crme.2006.07.010⟩. ⟨hal-00623070⟩
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