Development of multiple calcium channel types in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuroscience Year : 1999

Development of multiple calcium channel types in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons.

Abstract

The development of multiple calcium channel activities was studied in mouse hippocampal neurons in culture, using the patch-clamp technique. A depolarizing pulse (40-50 ms duration) from the holding potential of -80 mV to levels more depolarized than -40 mV produced a low threshold T-type current. The T-type current was observed in 52% of four days in vitro neurons. The number of neurons which expressed T-type current decreased with age of culture, so that the current was detected in only 18% of neurons after 16 days in vitro. The T-type current densities varied between 1.9 pA/pF and 3.29 pA/pF in the mean values during the period studied (4-16 days in vitro). A depolarizing pulse from -80 mV to levels more depolarized than -35 mV evoked a high threshold calcium channel current. The high threshold current density increased in the mean values from 3.9 pA/pF in four days in vitro neurons to 28 pA/pF in 16 days in vitro neurons. We have then examined the effect of nifedipine, omega-Agatoxin IVA and omega-conotoxin GVIA on the high threshold current. Nifedipine (1-5 microM) sensitive current density stayed in the range of 1.9-2.1 pA/pF during 4-16 days in vitro, while omega-Agatoxin IVA (200 nM) sensitive current density increased in the mean values from 1.54 pA/pF in four days in vitro neurons to 21.5 pA/pF in 16 days in vitro neurons. The omega-conotoxin GVIA sensitive N-type channel current was maximum at eight days in vitro (5.44 pA/pF) and it reduced progressively to reach almost half (2.46 pA/pF) in 16 days in vitro neurons. These results showed that diverse subtypes of calcium channels change in density during the early period of culture. We suggest that the temporal expression of each type of channel may be linked to the development of neural activities.

Dates and versions

hal-00207607 , version 1 (17-01-2008)

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Pascal Chameau, Philippe Lucas, Karim Melliti, Roland Bournaud, Takeshi Shimahara. Development of multiple calcium channel types in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons.. Neuroscience, 1999, 90 (2), pp.383-8. ⟨10.1016/S0306-4522(98)00457-6⟩. ⟨hal-00207607⟩
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