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Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry B Year : 2007

Surface response methodology for the study of supported membrane formation.


We report on the investigations of the formation of the tethered lipid bilayer by vesicle deposition on amine-functionalized surfaces. The tethered bilayer was created by the deposition of egg-PC vesicles containing 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-poly-(ethyleneglycol)-N-hydroxysuccinimide as anchoring molecules on an amine-coated surface. This approach is an easy route for the formation of a biomimetic- supported membrane. A Doelhert experimental design was applied to determine the conditions leading to the formation of a continuous and defect-free tethered bilayer on different surfaces (gold and glass). Doehlert designs allow modeling of the experimental responses by second-order polynomial equations as a function of experimental factors. Four factors expected to influence bilayer formation were studied: the lipid concentration in the vesicle suspension, the mass percentage of anchoring molecules in the vesicles, the contact time between the vesicles and the surface, and the resting time of the membrane after buffer rinse. The optimization of the membrane preparation parameters was achieved by monitoring lipid assembly formation using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy on gold and by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching on glass. Three characteristic responses were systematically measured: the bilayer thickness, the lipid diffusion coefficient, and the lipid mobile fraction. The simultaneous inspection of the three characteristics revealed that a restricted experimental domain leads to properties that are in accordance with a bilayer presence. The factors of this domain are a lipid concentration from 0.1 to 1 mg/mL, 4-8% of anchoring molecules in the vesicles, 1-4 h of contact time between vesicles and surface, and 21-24 h of resting time after buffer rinse. Under these conditions, a membrane having a lipid mass per surface between 545 ± 5 and 590 ± 10 ng/cm2, a diffusion coefficient of between 2.5 ± 0.3 10 -8 and 3.60 ± 0.5 10-8 cm2/s, and a mobile fraction between 94 ± 2 and 99 ± 1% was formed. These findings were confirmed by atomic force microscopy observations, which showed the presence of a continuous and homogeneous bilayer in the determined experimental domain. This formation procedure presents many advantages; it provides an easily obtainable biomimetic membrane model for proteins studies and offers a versatile tethered bilayer because it can be adapted easily to various types of supports.

Dates and versions

hal-00172758 , version 1 (17-09-2007)



C. Rossi, Elisabeth Briand, P. Parot, Michaël Odorico, Joël Chopineau. Surface response methodology for the study of supported membrane formation.. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2007, 111, pp.7567-7576. ⟨10.1021/jp0686792⟩. ⟨hal-00172758⟩
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