Inducer-modulated cooperative binding of the tetrameric CggR repressor to operator DNA. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Biophysical Journal Year : 2007

Inducer-modulated cooperative binding of the tetrameric CggR repressor to operator DNA.

Abstract

The central glycolytic genes repressor (CggR) controls the transcription of the gapA operon encoding five key glycolytic enzymes in Bacillus subtilis. CggR recognizes a unique DNA target sequence comprising two direct repeats and fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) is the inducer that negatively controls this interaction. We present here analytical ultracentrifugation and fluorescence anisotropy experiments that demonstrate that CggR binds as a tetramer to the full-length operator DNA in a highly cooperative manner. We also show that CggR binds as a dimer to each direct repeat, the affinity being approximately 100-fold higher for the 3' repeat. In addition, our studies reveal a bimodal effect of FBP on the repressor/operator interaction. At micromolar concentrations, FBP leads to a change in the conformational dynamics of the complex. In the millimolar range, without altering the stoichiometry, FBP leads to a drastic reduction in the affinity and cooperativity of the complex. This bimodal response suggests the existence of two sugar-binding sites in the repressor, a high affinity site at which FBP acts as a structural co-factor and a low affinity site underlying the molecular mechanism of gapA induction.

Dates and versions

hal-00164236 , version 1 (19-07-2007)

Identifiers

Cite

Silvia Zorrilla, Thierry Doan, Carlos Alfonso, Emmanuel Margeat, Alvaro Ortega, et al.. Inducer-modulated cooperative binding of the tetrameric CggR repressor to operator DNA.. Biophysical Journal, 2007, 92 (9), pp.3215-27. ⟨10.1529/biophysj.106.095109⟩. ⟨hal-00164236⟩
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