Intracellular Positioning Systems Limit the Entropic Eviction of Secondary Replicons Toward the Nucleoid Edges in Bacterial Cells - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Molecular Biology Year : 2020

Intracellular Positioning Systems Limit the Entropic Eviction of Secondary Replicons Toward the Nucleoid Edges in Bacterial Cells

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Abstract

Bacterial genomes, organized intracellularly as nucleoids, are composed of a main chromosome coexisting with different types of secondary replicons. Secondary replicons are major drivers of 16 bacterial adaptation by gene exchange. They are highly diverse in type and size, ranging from less than 2 to more than 1000 kb, and must integrate with bacterial physiology, including to the nucleoid dynamics, to limit detrimental costs leading to their counter-selection. We show that large DNA circles, whether from a natural plasmid or excised from the chromosome tend to localize in a dynamic manner in a zone separating the nucleoid from the cytoplasm at the edge of the nucleoid.This localization is in good agreement with in silico simulations of DNA circles in the nucleoid volume. Subcellular positioning systems counteract this tendency, allowing replicons to enter the nucleoid space. In enterobacteria, these systems are found in replicons above 25 kb, defining the limit with small randomly segregated plasmids. Larger replicons carry at least one of the three described family of systems, ParAB, ParRM and StbA. Replicons above 180 kb all carry a ParAB system, suggesting this system is specifically required in the cases of large replicons. Simulations demonstrated that replicon size profoundly affects localization, compaction and dynamics of DNA circles in the nucleoid volume. The present work suggests that presence of partition systems on the larger plasmids or chromids is not only due to selection for accurate segregation but also to counteract their unmixing with the chromosome and consequent exclusion from the nucleoid.
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Dates and versions

hal-02392007 , version 1 (03-12-2019)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Julie Dauverd -Girault, Charlène Planchenault, Marine Pons, Caroline Schiavon, Patricia Siguier, et al.. Intracellular Positioning Systems Limit the Entropic Eviction of Secondary Replicons Toward the Nucleoid Edges in Bacterial Cells. Journal of Molecular Biology, 2020, 432 (3), pp.745-761. ⟨10.1016/j.jmb.2019.11.027⟩. ⟨hal-02392007⟩
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