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Journal Articles Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects Year : 2022

Impact of structural flexibility in the adsorption of wheat and sunflower proteins at an air/water interface

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Abstract

Food transition requires the replacement in human diet of animal-based proteins by alternative sources of proteins including plant-based proteins. This calls for a detailed knowledge of the functional properties of plant-based proteins, including their surface activity. In this framework, we provide here a comparative study of the interfacial properties of two plant proteins, extracted respectively from wheat and sunflower. We combine time- and concentration-dependent measurements of the surface tension and the surface rheology, as measured with a pendant-drop set-up, and of the surface excess concentration, as measured by ellipsometry, of plant protein interfacial films. We demonstrate a time-concentration superposition principle for the surface pressure and surface excess concentration, showing that the kinetics for the building of the interfacial films is essentially governed by the diffusion of the proteins from the bulk to the interface. We find that the rheological and structural properties of the interfacial protein films show markedly different behaviors for the two classes of protein, which is encoded in the structural features of the individual proteins: wheat proteins are more surface active than sunflower proteins, are keen to compress and re-arrange at an air-water interface, whereas sunflower proteins do not. This work provides qualitative and quantitative analysis of the comparative interfacial behavior of flexible and rigid plant proteins extracted respectively from wheat and sunflower, and demonstrates that a combination of several experimental techniques is necessary to obtain insightful information on the interfacial properties of any species.
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Dates and versions

hal-03686739 , version 1 (03-11-2022)

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Alexandre Poirier, Amélie Banc, Romain Kapel, Martin In, Antonio Stocco, et al.. Impact of structural flexibility in the adsorption of wheat and sunflower proteins at an air/water interface. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2022, 648, pp.129317. ⟨10.1016/j.colsurfa.2022.129317⟩. ⟨hal-03686739⟩
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