Influence of super-shear earthquake rupture models on simulated near-source ground motion from the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) earthquake - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America Year : 2011

Influence of super-shear earthquake rupture models on simulated near-source ground motion from the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) earthquake

Abstract

We numerically simulate seismic wave propagation from the 1999 Mw7.4 Izmit, Turkey, earthquake, using a 3D finite difference method based on published finite source models obtained by waveform inversions. This earthquake has been reported, based on observations at the near-fault station SKR, as an example of super-shear rupture propagation towards the east. Although the modeled ground motion does show a characteristic Mach wave from the fault plane, it is difficult to identify any particular effects in terms of peak ground velocity, an important parameter in earthquake engineering. This is because the fault's spatial heterogeneity is strong enough to mask the properties of super-shear rupture, which has been reported through several numerical simulations mostly based on homogeneous fault conditions. This study demonstrates the importance of studying ground motions for known earthquakes through numerical simulations based on finite-fault source models.
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Dates and versions

hal-00567867 , version 1 (22-02-2011)

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Hideo Aochi, Virginie Durand, John Douglas. Influence of super-shear earthquake rupture models on simulated near-source ground motion from the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2011, 101 (2), pp.726-741. ⟨10.1785/0120100170⟩. ⟨hal-00567867⟩
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