Interests on the margins of the disciplines: computing, engineers and archaeologists in France (1950–2000) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Book Sections Year : 2016

Interests on the margins of the disciplines: computing, engineers and archaeologists in France (1950–2000)

Abstract

This paper explores the careers of four engineers who entered the archaeological field of research during the second half of the twentieth century. The relations between two communities of practices are addressed, relying on concepts we borrow both from the sociology of interest groups and from the social studies of science. Although these engineers promoted the use of statistics and of computing in France, their action didn’t lead to the institutionalization of a ‘computational archaeology’ speciality.
Les trajectoires professionnelles de quatre ingénieurs actifs en archéologie durant la seconde moitié du XXe siècle sont analysées. Elles permettent d’aborder les rapports entre ces deux communautés, en tirant le bénéfice de notions empruntées à la sociologie des sciences et à la sociologie des groupes d’intérêt. Bien que ces ingénieurs aient promu l’emploi des statistiques et des ordinateurs en archéologie, leur intervention n’entraîna pas l’instauration institutionnelle d’une ‘archéologie computationnelle’.
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halshs-01383701 , version 1 (19-10-2016)

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  • HAL Id : halshs-01383701 , version 1

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Sébastien Plutniak. Interests on the margins of the disciplines: computing, engineers and archaeologists in France (1950–2000). Géraldine Delley; Margarita Díaz-Andreu; François Djindjian; Víctor M. Fernández; Alessandro Guidi; Marc-Antoine Kaeser. History of Archaeology: International Perspectives, Archaeopress, pp.221-232, 2016, 978-1-78491-397-7. ⟨halshs-01383701⟩
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