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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2024

Predictive Uncertainty Quantification with Missing Covariates

Abstract

Predictive uncertainty quantification is crucial in decision-making problems. We investigate how to adequately quantify predictive uncertainty with missing covariates. A bottleneck is that missing values induce heteroskedasticity on the response's predictive distribution given the observed covariates. Thus, we focus on building predictive sets for the response that are valid conditionally to the missing values pattern. We show that this goal is impossible to achieve informatively in a distribution-free fashion, and we propose useful restrictions on the distribution class. Motivated by these hardness results, we characterize how missing values and predictive uncertainty intertwine. Particularly, we rigorously formalize the idea that the more missing values, the higher the predictive uncertainty. Then, we introduce a generalized framework, coined CP-MDA-Nested*, outputting predictive sets in both regression and classification. Under independence between the missing value pattern and both the features and the response (an assumption justified by our hardness results), these predictive sets are valid conditionally to any pattern of missing values. Moreover, it provides great flexibility in the trade-off between statistical variability and efficiency. Finally, we experimentally assess the performances of CP-MDA-Nested* beyond its scope of theoretical validity, demonstrating promising outcomes in more challenging configurations than independence.
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Dates and versions

hal-04587674 , version 1 (24-05-2024)

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  • HAL Id : hal-04587674 , version 1

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Margaux Zaffran, Julie Josse, Yaniv Romano, Aymeric Dieuleveut. Predictive Uncertainty Quantification with Missing Covariates. 2024. ⟨hal-04587674⟩
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