A remarkable peroxidase-like behavior of the catalase KatA from the pathogenic bacteria Helicobacter pylori: The oxidation reaction with formate as substrate and the stabilization of an [Fe(IV) = O Trp•] intermediate assessed by multifrequency EPR spectroscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry Year : 2024

A remarkable peroxidase-like behavior of the catalase KatA from the pathogenic bacteria Helicobacter pylori: The oxidation reaction with formate as substrate and the stabilization of an [Fe(IV) = O Trp•] intermediate assessed by multifrequency EPR spectroscopy

Abstract

We have characterized the catalytic cycle of the Helicobacter pylori KatA catalase (HPC). H. pylori is a human and animal pathogen responsible for gastrointestinal infections. Multifrequency (9–285 GHz) EPR spectroscopy was applied to identify the high-valent intermediates (5 ≤ pH ≤ 8.5). The broad (2000 G) 9-GHz EPR spectrum consistent with the [Fe(IV) = O Por•+] intermediate was detected, and showed a clear pH dependence on the exchange-coupling of the radical (delocalized over the porphyrin moiety) due to the magnetic interaction with the ferryl iron. In addition, Trp• (for pH ≤ 6) and Tyr• (for 5 ≤ pH ≤ 8.5) species were distinguished by the advantageous resolution of their g-values in the 285-GHz EPR spectrum. The unequivocal identification of the high-valent intermediates in HPC by their distinct EPR spectra allowed us to address their reactivity towards substrates. The stabilization of an [Fe(IV) = O Trp•] species in HPC, unprecedented in monofunctional catalases and possibly involved in the oxidation of formate to the formyloxyl radical at pH ≤ 6, is reminiscent of intermediates previously identified in the catalytic cycle of bifunctional catalase-peroxidases. The 2e− oxidation of formate by the [Fe(IV) = O Por•+] species, both at basic and acidic pH conditions, involving a 1H+/2e− oxidation in a cytochrome P450 peroxygenase-like reaction is proposed. Our findings demonstrate that moonlighting by the H. pylori catalase includes formate oxidation, an enzymatic reaction possibly related to the unique strategy of the neutrophile bacterium for gastric colonization, that is the release of CO2 to regulate the pH in the acidic environment.
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hal-04586002 , version 1 (24-05-2024)

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Jacek Switala, Lynda Donald, Anabella Ivancich. A remarkable peroxidase-like behavior of the catalase KatA from the pathogenic bacteria Helicobacter pylori: The oxidation reaction with formate as substrate and the stabilization of an [Fe(IV) = O Trp•] intermediate assessed by multifrequency EPR spectroscopy. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2024, Special issue in memory of Frances Ann Walker, 257, pp.112594. ⟨10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2024.112594⟩. ⟨hal-04586002⟩

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