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Journal Articles npj Quantum Information Year : 2024

Tight Lieb–Robinson Bound for approximation ratio in quantum annealing

Abstract

Abstract Quantum annealing (QA) holds promise for optimization problems in quantum computing, especially for combinatorial optimization. This analog framework attracts attention for its potential to address complex problems. Its gate-based homologous, QAOA with proven performance, has attracted a lot of attention to the NISQ era. Several numerical benchmarks try to compare these two metaheuristics, however, classical computational power highly limits the performance insights. In this work, we introduce a parametrized version of QA enabling a precise 1-local analysis of the algorithm. We develop a tight Lieb–Robinson bound for regular graphs, achieving the best-known numerical value to analyze QA locally. Studying MaxCut over cubic graph as a benchmark optimization problem, we show that a linear-schedule QA with a 1-local analysis achieves an approximation ratio over 0.7020, outperforming any known 1-local algorithms.

Dates and versions

hal-04573584 , version 1 (13-05-2024)

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Cite

Arthur Braida, Simon Martiel, Ioan Todinca. Tight Lieb–Robinson Bound for approximation ratio in quantum annealing. npj Quantum Information, 2024, 10 (1), pp.40. ⟨10.1038/s41534-024-00832-x⟩. ⟨hal-04573584⟩
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