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Journal Articles microLife Year : 2024

Functional redundancy revealed by the deletion of the mimivirus GMC-oxidoreductase genes

Claire Bugnot
  • Function : Author
Anna Notaro
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Lucid Belmudes
  • Function : Author
Annie Adrait
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Olivier Poirot
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  • PersonId : 1034072
Denis Ptchelkine
  • Function : Author
Cristina de Castro
Yohann Couté
  • Function : Author
Chantal Abergel

Abstract

The mimivirus 1.2 Mb genome was shown to be organized into a nucleocapsid-like genomic fiber encased in the nucleoid compartment inside the icosahedral capsid. The genomic fiber protein shell is composed of a mixture of two GMC-oxidoreductase paralogs, one of them being the main component of the glycosylated layer of fibrils at the surface of the virion. In this study, we determined the effect of the deletion of each of the corresponding genes on the genomic fiber and the layer of surface fibrils. First, we deleted the GMC-oxidoreductase, the most abundant in the genomic fiber, and determined its structure and composition in the mutant. As expected, it was composed of the second GMC-oxidoreductase and contained 5- and 6-start helices similar to the wild-type fiber. This result led us to propose a model explaining their coexistence. Then we deleted the GMC-oxidoreductase, the most abundant in the layer of fibrils, to analyze its protein composition in the mutant. Second, we showed that the fitness of single mutants and the double mutant were not decreased compared with the wild-type viruses under laboratory conditions. Third, we determined that deleting the GMC-oxidoreductase genes did not impact the glycosylation or the glycan composition of the layer of surface fibrils, despite modifying their protein composition. Because the glycosylation machinery and glycan composition of members of different clades are different, we expanded the analysis of the protein composition of the layer of fibrils to members of the B and C clades and showed that it was different among the three clades and even among isolates within the same clade. Taken together, the results obtained on two distinct central processes (genome packaging and virion coating) illustrate an unexpected functional redundancy in members of the family Mimiviridae, suggesting this may be the major evolutionary force behind their giant genomes.
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Dates and versions

hal-04571293 , version 1 (07-05-2024)

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Jean-Marie Alempic, Hugo Bisio, Alejandro Villalta, Sébastien Santini, Audrey Lartigue, et al.. Functional redundancy revealed by the deletion of the mimivirus GMC-oxidoreductase genes. microLife, 2024, 5, ⟨10.1093/femsml/uqae006⟩. ⟨hal-04571293⟩
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