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Journal Articles Environmental Pollution Year : 2024

Assessment of two non-invasive techniques for measuring turbulent benthic fluxes in a shallow lake

Abstract

Benthic fluxes refer to the exchange rates of nutrients and other compounds between the water column and the sediment bed in aquatic ecosystems. Their quantification contributes to our understanding of aquatic ecosystem functioning. Near-bed hydrodynamics plays an important role at the sediment-water interface, especially in shallow lakes, but it is poorly considered by traditional measuring techniques of flux quantification, such as sediment incubations. Thus, alternative sampling techniques are needed to characterize key benthic fluxes under in-situ hydrodynamic conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of two promising methods: relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) and mass transfer coefficient (MTC). We applied them in a hyper-eutrophic shallow lake to measure the fluxes of ammonium, phosphate, iron, and manganese ions. For the first time, REA revealed hourly nutrient flux variations, indicating a strong lake biogeochemical dynamics at short time-scales. Daily average fluxes are of similar orders of magnitude for REA and MTC for ammonium (24 and 42 mmol m2 d-1), manganese (1.0 and 0.8), and iron (0.8 and 0.7) ions. They are one order of magnitude higher than fluxes estimated from sediment incubations, due to the difficulty in reproducing in-situ oxygen and hydrodynamic conditions in the laboratory. Although the accuracy of both techniques needs to be improved, the results revealed their potential: REA follows the short-term biogeochemical dynamics of sediments, while MTC could be widely used for lake monitoring because of its simpler implementation.
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Dates and versions

hal-04564716 , version 1 (30-04-2024)

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Felipe Breton, Guilherme Calabro-Souza, Andreas Lorke, Philippe Dubois, Magali Jodeau, et al.. Assessment of two non-invasive techniques for measuring turbulent benthic fluxes in a shallow lake. Environmental Pollution, 2024, pp.124032. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2024.124032⟩. ⟨hal-04564716⟩
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