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Journal Articles (Review Article) Malaria Journal Year : 2024

Epigenetic regulation as a therapeutic target in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

Abstract

Over the past thirty years, epigenetic regulation of gene expression has gained increasing interest as it was shown to be implicated in illnesses ranging from cancers to parasitic diseases. In the malaria parasite, epigenetics was shown to be involved in several key steps of the complex life cycle of Plasmodium , among which asexual development and sexual commitment, but also in major biological processes like immune evasion, response to environmental changes or DNA repair. Because epigenetics plays such paramount roles in the Plasmodium parasite, enzymes involved in these regulating pathways represent a reservoir of potential therapeutic targets. This review focuses on epigenetic regulatory processes and their effectors in the malaria parasite, as well as the inhibitors of epigenetic pathways and their potential as new anti-malarial drugs. Such types of drugs could be formidable tools that may contribute to malaria eradication in a context of widespread resistance to conventional anti-malarials.
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hal-04502290 , version 1 (13-03-2024)

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Thibaud Reyser, Lucie Paloque, Jean-Michel Augereau, Luisa Di Stefano, Françoise Benoit-Vical. Epigenetic regulation as a therapeutic target in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Malaria Journal, 2024, 23 (1), pp.44. ⟨10.1186/s12936-024-04855-9⟩. ⟨hal-04502290⟩
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