5′-cap RNA/SAM mimetic conjugates as bisubstrate inhibitors of viral RNA cap 2′-O-methyltransferases - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Bioorganic Chemistry Year : 2024

5′-cap RNA/SAM mimetic conjugates as bisubstrate inhibitors of viral RNA cap 2′-O-methyltransferases

Abstract

Viral RNA cap 2'-O-methyltransferases are considered promising therapeutic targets for antiviral treatments, as they play a key role in the formation of viral RNA cap-1 structures to escape the host immune system. A better understanding of how they interact with their natural substrates (RNA and the methyl donor SAM) would enable the rational development of potent inhibitors. However, as few structures of 2'-O-MTases in complex with RNA have been described, little is known about substrate recognition by these MTases. For this, chemical tools mimicking the state in which the cap RNA substrate and SAM cofactor are bound in the enzyme's catalytic pocket may prove useful. In this work, we designed and synthesized over 30 RNA conjugates that contain a short oligoribonucleotide (ORN with 4 or 6 nucleotides) with the first nucleotide 2'-O-attached to an adenosine by linkers of different lengths and containing S or N-heteroatoms, or a 1,2,3-triazole ring. These ORN conjugates bearing or not a cap structure at 5'-extremity mimic the methylation transition state with RNA substrate/SAM complex as bisubstrates of 2'-O-MTases. The ORN conjugates were synthesized either by the incorporation of a dinucleoside phosphoramidite during RNA elongation or by click chemistry performed on solid-phase post-RNA elongation. Their ability to inhibit the activity of the nsp16/nsp10 complex of SARS-CoV-2 and the NS5 protein of dengue and Zika viruses was assessed. Significant submicromolar IC50 values and Kd values in the µM range were found, suggesting a possible interaction of some ORN conjugates with these viral 2'-O-MTases.
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Year Month Jours
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Thursday, August 1, 2024
Embargoed file
Thursday, August 1, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04456996 , version 1 (14-02-2024)

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Rostom Ahmed-Belkacem, Priscila Sutto-Ortiz, Adrien Delpal, Joris Troussier, Bruno Canard, et al.. 5′-cap RNA/SAM mimetic conjugates as bisubstrate inhibitors of viral RNA cap 2′-O-methyltransferases. Bioorganic Chemistry, 2024, 143, pp.107035. ⟨10.1016/j.bioorg.2023.107035⟩. ⟨hal-04456996⟩
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