Differences in specificity, development time and virulence between two acanthocephalan parasites, infecting two cryptic species of Gammarus fossarum - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Peer Community Journal Year : 2024

Differences in specificity, development time and virulence between two acanthocephalan parasites, infecting two cryptic species of Gammarus fossarum

Abstract

Multi-host parasites can exploit various host species that differ in abundance and susceptibility to infection, which will contribute unequally to their transmission and fitness. Several species of acanthocephalan manipulative parasites (among which Pomphorhynchus laevis and P. tereticollis) use various amphipod species of the genus Gammarus as intermediate hosts. Many Gammarus pulex and G. fossarum cryptic lineages are living in sympatry in European rivers, questioning the spectrum of intermediate hosts that acanthocephalans can use, and their relative contribution to their life cycles. In this work, the respective roles of parasites species (P. laevis and, for the first time, P. tereticollis) and sympatric host cryptic species (the G. fossarum species complex) were studied experimentally on two traits: host susceptibility to infection and parasite virulence. Differences were found, both in terms of infectivity and virulence, between the cryptic hosts and between the two parasite species. We confirm that these acanthocephalans, previously considered as generalists, show specificities among their sympatric hosts. Differences in field prevalence and susceptibility after experimental exposures were more pronounced between cryptic G. fossarum species for P. tereticollis than for P. laevis. The mortality of infected individuals increased significantly after several weeks of development of both parasite species. P. tereticollis was less virulent than P. laevis, perhaps due to differences in host exploitation, since we evidenced that P. tereticollis had a much slower growth rate.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2024_Bauer_PCIJournal.pdf (1.61 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04645727 , version 1 (13-02-2024)
hal-04645727 , version 2 (10-06-2024)
hal-04645727 , version 3 (26-06-2024)
hal-04645727 , version 4 (12-07-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Alexandre Bauer, Lucie Develay Nguyen, Sébastien Motreuil, Maria Teixeira, Nelly Debrosse, et al.. Differences in specificity, development time and virulence between two acanthocephalan parasites, infecting two cryptic species of Gammarus fossarum. Peer Community Journal, 2024, 4, pp.e61. ⟨10.24072/pcjournal.434⟩. ⟨hal-04645727v4⟩
56 View
31 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More