Dairy phages escape CRISPR defence of Streptococcus thermophilus via the anti-CRISPR AcrIIA3 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Food Microbiology Year : 2023

Dairy phages escape CRISPR defence of Streptococcus thermophilus via the anti-CRISPR AcrIIA3

Abstract

Bacterial community collapse due to phage infection is a major risk in cheese making processes. As virulent phages are ubiquitous and diverse in milk fermentation factories, the use of phage-resistant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is essential to obtain high-quality fermented dairy products. The LAB species Streptococcus thermophilus contains two type II-A CRISPR-Cas systems (CRISPR1 and CRISPR3) that can effectively protect against phage infection. However, virulent streptococcal phages carrying anti-CRISPR proteins (ACR) that block the activity of CRISPR-Cas systems have emerged in yogurt and cheese environments. For example, phages carrying AcrIIA5 can impede both CRISPR1 and CRISPR3 systems, while AcrIIA6 stops only CRISPR1. Here, we explore the activity and diversity of a third streptococcal phage anti-CRISPR protein, namely AcrIIA3. We were able to demonstrate that AcrIIA3 is efficiently active against the CRISPR3-Cas system of S. thermophilus. We used AlphaFold2 to infer the structure of AcrIIA3 and we predicted that this new family of functional ACR in virulent streptococcal phages has a new α-helical fold, with no previously identified structural homologs. Because ACR proteins are being explored as modulators in genome editing applications, we also tested AcrIIA3 against SpCas9. We found that AcrIIA3 could block SpCas9 in bacteria but not in human cells. Understanding the diversity and functioning of anti-defence mechanisms will be of importance in the design of long-term stable starter cultures.
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Avant la publication
Sunday, June 16, 2024
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Sunday, June 16, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04448765 , version 1 (09-02-2024)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04448765 , version 1

Cite

Adeline Pastuszka, Geneviève M Rousseau, Vincent Somerville, Sebastien Levesque, Jean-Philippe Fiset, et al.. Dairy phages escape CRISPR defence of Streptococcus thermophilus via the anti-CRISPR AcrIIA3. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2023. ⟨hal-04448765⟩
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