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Journal Articles Journal of Vision Year : 2024

Interaction between central and peripheral vision: Influence of distance and spatial frequencies

Abstract

Visual scene perception is based on reciprocal interactions between central and peripheral information. Such interactions are commonly investigated through the semantic congruence effect, which usually reveals a congruence effect of central vision on peripheral vision as strong as the reverse. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the mechanisms underlying central-peripheral visual interactions using a central-peripheral congruence paradigm through three behavioral experiments. We presented simultaneously a central and a peripheral stimulus, that could be either semantically congruent or incongruent. To assess the congruence effect of central vision on peripheral vision, participants had to categorize the peripheral target stimulus while ignoring the central distractor stimulus. To assess the congruence effect of the peripheral vision on central vision, they had to categorize the central target stimulus while ignoring the peripheral distractor stimulus. Experiment 1 revealed that the physical distance between central and peripheral stimuli influences central-peripheral visual interactions: Congruence effect of central vision is stronger when the distance between the target and the distractor is the shortest. Experiments 2 and 3 revealed that the spatial frequency content of distractors also influence central-peripheral interactions: Congruence effect of central vision is observed only when the distractor contained high spatial frequencies while congruence effect of peripheral vision is observed only when the distractor contained low spatial frequencies. These results raise the question of how these influences are exerted (bottom-up vs. top-down) and are discussed based on the retinocortical properties of the visual system and the predictive brain hypothesis.
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Dates and versions

hal-04396461 , version 1 (16-01-2024)

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Cynthia Faurite, Eva Aprile, Louise Kauffmann, Martial Mermillod, Mathilde Gallice, et al.. Interaction between central and peripheral vision: Influence of distance and spatial frequencies. Journal of Vision, 2024, 24 (1), pp.3. ⟨10.1167/jov.24.1.3⟩. ⟨hal-04396461⟩
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