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Journal Articles The Journal of Chemical Physics Year : 2023

The receding contact line cools down during dynamic wetting


When a contact line (CL)—where a liquid–vapor interface meets a substrate—is put into motion, it is well known that the contact angle differs between advancing and receding CLs. Using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we reveal another intriguing distinction between advancing and receding CLs: while temperature increases at an advancing CL—as expected from viscous dissipation, we show that temperature can drop at a receding CL. Detailed quantitative analysis based on the macroscopic energy balance around the dynamic CL showed that the internal energy change of the fluid due to the change of the potential field along the pathline out of the solid–liquid interface induced a remarkable temperature drop around the receding CL, in a manner similar to latent heat upon phase changes. This result provides new insights for modeling the dynamic CL, and the framework for heat transport analysis introduced here can be applied to a wide range of nanofluidic systems.

Dates and versions

hal-04389911 , version 1 (12-01-2024)



Hiroki Kusudo, Takeshi Omori, Laurent Joly, Yasutaka Yamaguchi. The receding contact line cools down during dynamic wetting. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2023, 159 (16), ⟨10.1063/5.0171769⟩. ⟨hal-04389911⟩
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