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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Evaluation of Dual Side Cooling System for Prismatic Batteries for Vehicle Aplications

Abstract

Today lithium-ion stands out among the various battery technologies in vehicle applications thanks to their good energy density, low self-discharge and the absence of the memory effect. Nevertheless, lithium-ion batteries pose many challenges such as driving range, lifespan, safety issues and also the charging time which is still significant. In order to reduce the charging time, it is necessary to inject a very high current into the battery which may drastically raise its temperature and thus reduce its lifespan. Today, in most cases, the battery pack of an electric vehicle is cooled through flat cooling plates, mounted either by the lateral or the bottom surfaces. These cooling plates can also be used to warm up the battery in cold weather. But during the fast charge, this configuration poses some problems and can be not efficient enough to cool or heat the batteries. In this study, a battery module is thermally managed not only by the bottom cooling plate but also by a second cooling plate placed on the busbars. According to simulations and experimental tests regarding one case study, this configuration makes it possible to not only cool the module more quickly by reducing the thermal time constant by 47% but also reduces the battery maximum pick temperature reached with a conventional cooling system by 6°C. It stands out that the top cooling plate acts like a thermal bridge which unifies the temperature inside the battery module and thus support the equal ageing process of the batteries.
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Dates and versions

hal-04381384 , version 1 (09-01-2024)

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Said Madaoui, Bartlomiej Guzowski, Roman Gozdur, Zlatina Dimitrova, Nicolas Audiot, et al.. Evaluation of Dual Side Cooling System for Prismatic Batteries for Vehicle Aplications. 36th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact on Energy Systems (ECOS 2023), Jun 2023, Grande Canarie, Spain. pp.2218-2228, ⟨10.52202/069564-0200⟩. ⟨hal-04381384⟩
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