Hybridising geographically weighted regression and multilevel models: a new approach to capture contextual effects in geographical analyses - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year : 2024

Hybridising geographically weighted regression and multilevel models: a new approach to capture contextual effects in geographical analyses

Etienne Edouard Cossart
Virginie Chasles

Abstract

Multilevel models are one of the main statistical methods used in modelling contextual effects in social sciences. A common limitation of these methods is the use pre-set boundaries – usually administrative units – to define contexts, when these boundaries do not always match up with the “true” causally relevant contexts that may affect the outcomes of interest. In this study applied to the obesity geography in the Paris area (France), we propose a new spatially explicit two-step procedure to tackle this methodological issue. The first step consists in estimating a geographically weighted regression (GWR) model, then using it to reveal and delineate relevant non-stationarity-based data-driven spatial contexts, and finally including them as a random effect into a random slope multilevel model. In applying this hybrid methodology for modelling body mass index (BMI) within a sample of 9,089 French adults, we demonstrate that it outperforms administrative-based multilevel models in terms of decreasing Akaike information criteria (AIC), and is better at accounting for contextual effects through intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and increasing slope variance. We suggest that this procedure might be generalized to quantitative geographical analyses involving contextual effects.
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Dates and versions

hal-04378995 , version 1 (08-01-2024)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04378995 , version 1

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Thierry Feuillet, Etienne Edouard Cossart, Hélène Charreire, Arnaud Banos, Hugo Pilkington, et al.. Hybridising geographically weighted regression and multilevel models: a new approach to capture contextual effects in geographical analyses. 2024. ⟨hal-04378995⟩
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