Brain BOLD and NIRS response to hyperoxic challenge in sickle cell disease and chronic anemias - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Magnetic Resonance Imaging Year : 2023

Brain BOLD and NIRS response to hyperoxic challenge in sickle cell disease and chronic anemias

Abstract

Purpose Congenital anemias, including sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, are associated with cerebral tissue hypoxia and heightened stroke risks. Recent works in sickle cell disease mouse models have suggested that hyperoxia respiratory challenges can identify regions of the brain having chronic tissue hypoxia. Therefore, this work investigated differences in hyperoxic response and regional cerebral oxygenation between anemic and healthy subjects. Methods A cohort of 38 sickle cell disease subjects (age 22 ± 8 years, female 39%), 25 non-sickle anemic subjects (age 25 ± 11 years, female 52%), and 31 healthy controls (age 25 ± 10 years, female 68%) were examined. A hyperoxic gas challenge was performed with concurrent acquisition of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). In addition to hyperoxia-induced changes in BOLD and NIRS, global measurements of cerebral blood flow, oxygen delivery, and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen were obtained and compared between the three groups. Results Regional BOLD changes were not able to identify brain regions of flow limitation in chronically anemic patients. Higher blood oxygen content and tissue oxygenation were observed during hyperoxia gas challenge. Both control and anemic groups demonstrated lower blood flow, oxygen delivery, and metabolic rate compared to baseline, but the oxygen metabolism in anemic subjects were abnormally low during hyperoxic exposure. Conclusion These results indicated that hyperoxic respiratory challenge could not be used to identify chronically ischemic brain. Furthermore, the low hyperoxia-induced metabolic rate suggested potential negative effects of prolonged oxygen therapy and required further studies to evaluate the risk for hyperoxia-induced oxygen toxicity and cerebral dysfunction.

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Medical Imaging
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hal-04284976 , version 1 (22-11-2023)

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Chau Vu, Adam Bush, Matthew Borzage, Soyoung Choi, Julie Coloigner, et al.. Brain BOLD and NIRS response to hyperoxic challenge in sickle cell disease and chronic anemias. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2023, 100, pp.26-35. ⟨10.1016/j.mri.2023.03.002⟩. ⟨hal-04284976⟩
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