Defining standard and high dosages for β-lactam agents administered by intermittent, prolonged or continuous infusion: a PK/PD simulation study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Year : 2023

Defining standard and high dosages for β-lactam agents administered by intermittent, prolonged or continuous infusion: a PK/PD simulation study

Abstract

Background: The new definitions of antimicrobial susceptibility categories proposed by EUCAST in 2020 require the definition of standard and high dosages of antibiotic. For injectable β-lactams, standard and high dosages have been proposed for short-infusion regimens only.Objectives: To evaluate dosages for β-lactams administered by prolonged infusion (PI) and continuous infusion (CI).Methods: Monte Carlo simulations were performed for seven injectable β-lactams: aztreonam, cefepime, cefotaxime, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, piperacillin and temocillin. Various dosage regimens based on short infusion, PI or CI were simulated in virtual patients. Pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and PTAs were obtained based on reference population PK models, as well as PK/pharmacodynamic targets and MIC breakpoints proposed by EUCAST. Alternative dosage regimens associated with PTA values similar to those of recommended dosages up to the breakpoints were considered acceptable.Results: Adequate PTAs were confirmed for most EUCAST short-infusion dosage regimens. A total of 9 standard and 14 high dosages based on PI (3 to 4 h) or CI were identified as alternatives. For cefepime and aztreonam, only PI and CI regimens could achieve acceptable PTAs for infections caused by Pseudomonas spp.: 2 g q8h as PI of 4 h or 6 g/24 h CI for cefepime; 2 g q6h as PI of 3 h or 6 g/24 h CI for aztreonam.Conclusions: These alternative standard and high dosage regimens are expected to provide antibiotic exposure compatible with new EUCAST definitions of susceptibility categories and associated MIC breakpoints. However, further clinical evaluation is necessary.
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Friday, April 5, 2024
Embargoed file
Friday, April 5, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04279023 , version 1 (11-12-2023)

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Sylvain Goutelle, Vincent Jullien, Jean-Pierre Bru, Vincent Cattoir, Rémy Gauzit, et al.. Defining standard and high dosages for β-lactam agents administered by intermittent, prolonged or continuous infusion: a PK/PD simulation study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2023, 78 (11), pp.2762-2769. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkad300⟩. ⟨hal-04279023⟩
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