Heavy Mo isotope enrichment in the Pitcairn plume: implications for the subduction cycle of anoxic sediments - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Earth and Planetary Science Letters Year : 2023

Heavy Mo isotope enrichment in the Pitcairn plume: implications for the subduction cycle of anoxic sediments

Abstract

Subduction redistributes elements between Earth's principal geochemical reservoirs, modifying the chemical composition of Earth's mantle, crust, atmosphere, and hydrosphere, and consequently having an impact on the evolution of life itself. Subduction of surface material that has been geochemically modified by low-temperature processes leads to mineralogical and chemical heterogeneities in mantle reservoirs over time and is recorded in modern ocean island basalts. One of the principal geochemical end members of the heterogeneous deep mantle, the enriched mantle 1 (EM-1) source of Pitcairn Island, has been attributed to the contribution of crustal material with vastly different chemical compositions and ages. The Mo isotope composition of lavas from Pitcairn Island constrains the nature of this recycled crustal component. Pitcairn lavas have elevated δ98/95Mo relative to the depleted mantle. The high δ98/95Mo is associated with high time-integrated 232Th/238U and 87Rb/86Sr, and low time-integrated 147Sm/144Nd and 238U/204Pb. These characteristics can be attributed to the recycling of nearly pristine pelagic sediments that were deposited in a Proterozoic anoxic deep-ocean into the sources of the Pitcairn Island lavas. The isotope composition of these lavas is similar to that of EM-1 hotspots from the South Atlantic, indicating the addition of reduced sediments in both of Earth's large low shear wave velocity provinces (LLSVPs). Consistent data from both locations imply that the subduction cycling of sedimentary redox-sensitive elements such as Mo, S, Se, and U into arc magmas was in these cases inefficient in the Precambrian and the chemical and isotopic signature of reduced sediments is preserved in the source of ocean island basalts bearing the EM-1 characteristics.
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Dates and versions

hal-04277013 , version 1 (09-11-2023)

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Qasid Ahmad, Martin Wille, Jabrane Labidi, Stephan König, Colin Devey, et al.. Heavy Mo isotope enrichment in the Pitcairn plume: implications for the subduction cycle of anoxic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2023, 624, pp.118466. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118466⟩. ⟨hal-04277013⟩
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