Efficient Patient-Specific Simulations of Ventricular Tachycardia Based on Computed Tomography-Defined Wall Thickness Heterogeneity - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology Year : 2023

Efficient Patient-Specific Simulations of Ventricular Tachycardia Based on Computed Tomography-Defined Wall Thickness Heterogeneity

Abstract

BACKGROUND Electrophysiological mapping of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is tedious and poorly reproducible. Substrate analysis on imaging cannot explicitly display VT circuits. OBJECTIVES This study sought to introduce a computed tomography-based model personalization approach, allowing for the simulation of postinfarction VT in a clinically compatible time frame. METHODS In 10 patients (age 65 AE 11 years, 9 male) referred for post-VT ablation, computed tomography-derived wall thickness maps were registered to 25 electroanatomical maps (sinus rhythm, paced, and VT). The relationship between wall thickness and electrophysiological characteristics (activation-recovery interval) was analyzed. Wall thickness was then employed to parameterize a fast and tractable organ-scale wave propagation model. Pacing protocols were simulated from multiple sites to test VT induction in silico. In silico VTs were compared to VT circuits mapped clinically. RESULTS Clinically, 6 different VTs could be induced with detailed maps in 9 patients. The proposed model allowed for fast simulation (median: 6 min/pacing site). Simulations of steady pacing (600 milliseconds) from 100 different sites/ patient never triggered any arrhythmia. Applying S1-S2 or S1-S2-S3 induction schemes allowed for the induction of in silico VTs in the 9 of 10 patients who were clinically inducible. The patient who was not inducible clinically was also noninducible in silico. A total of 42 different VTs were simulated (4.2 AE 2 per patient). Six in silico VTs matched a VT circuit mapped clinically. CONCLUSIONS The proposed framework allows for personalized simulations in a matter of hours. In 6 of 9 patients, simulations show re-entrant patterns matching intracardiac recordings.
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hal-04255556 , version 1 (24-10-2023)

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Nicolas Cedilnik, Mihaela Pop, Josselin Duchateau, Frédéric Sacher, Pierre Jaïs, et al.. Efficient Patient-Specific Simulations of Ventricular Tachycardia Based on Computed Tomography-Defined Wall Thickness Heterogeneity. JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, 2023, ⟨10.1016/j.jacep.2023.08.008⟩. ⟨hal-04255556⟩
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