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Journal Articles Space Science Reviews Year : 2023

Lunar Gravitational-Wave Detection

Séverine Rosat

Abstract

Abstract A new era of lunar exploration has begun bringing immense opportunities for science as well. It has been proposed to deploy a new generation of observatories on the lunar surface for deep studies of our Universe. This includes radio antennas, which would be protected on the far side of the Moon from terrestrial radio interference, and gravitational-wave (GW) detectors, which would profit from the extremely low level of seismic disturbances on the Moon. In recent years, novel concepts have been proposed for lunar GW detectors based on long-baseline laser interferometry or on compact sensors measuring the lunar surface vibrations caused by GWs. In this article, we review the concepts and science opportunities for such instruments on the Moon. In addition to promising breakthrough discoveries in astrophysics and cosmology, lunar GW detectors would also be formidable probes of the lunar internal structure and improve our understanding of the lunar geophysical environment.
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Dates and versions

hal-04251473 , version 1 (20-10-2023)

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Marica Branchesi, Maurizio Falanga, Jan Harms, Karan Jani, Stavros Katsanevas, et al.. Lunar Gravitational-Wave Detection. Space Science Reviews, 2023, 219 (8), pp.67. ⟨10.1007/s11214-023-01015-4⟩. ⟨hal-04251473⟩
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