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Journal Articles Insights into Regional Development Year : 2022

Women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) "Egyptian case study"

Breyhan Shafai
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  • PersonId : 1294809
Leonardo Piccinetti
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  • PersonId : 1141168
Nahed Salem
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  • PersonId : 1294810
Shaimaa Elbanna
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  • PersonId : 1294811
Amr Radwan
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  • PersonId : 1294812
Mahmoud M. Sakr
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  • PersonId : 1141169

Abstract

The women representation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields in Egypt is spanning hundreds and even thousands of years back. Yet, there is efforts needed to show women's contributions in recent history and current time. This paper highlights the role of women in STEM and their role as main partners in the science, technology and innovation system, participation of women in science for both decision-making and the scientific community. The survey has been designed to look at and support the participation and progression of women in STEM professionals and to encourage more girls and women to continue their studies and practical life in the STEM Fields. Literature, and particularly analytical literature, available around women in STEM in Egypt is limited; it is often tackled within the scope of women’s employment, women’s economic empowerment, or education. The paper reviews many challenges faced by women in science, technology and engineering and mathematics but from a practical point of view, where the questions are designed to reflect the scientific and leadership background as well as entrepreneurship and the relationship with the industry and to identify the obstacles that women face in being a business leader and the obstacles that women face in dealing with industry. Through the case study we unpack and examine the multiple thresholds of women and girls in higher education and employment in STEM fields in Egypt. The case study sample shows that while women are engaging in STEM at the tertiary education level, it is the integration into the labor force which makes it difficult for there to be a more equitable distribution of women across all STEM-related sectors. Egypt has a strong tradition of female empowerment and development but remains patriarchal in many aspects of progress and opportunity;
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Dates and versions

hal-04242999 , version 1 (15-10-2023)

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Mohamed Ramadan A. Rezk, Breyhan Shafai, Leonardo Piccinetti, Nahed Salem, Shaimaa Elbanna, et al.. Women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) "Egyptian case study". Insights into Regional Development, 2022, 4 (4), pp.52-62. ⟨10.9770/IRD.2022.4.4(4)⟩. ⟨hal-04242999⟩
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