Insights into the effect of oxygen functional groups on the heterogeneous electron transfer at activated carbons from scanning electrochemical microscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Electrochimica Acta Year : 2023

Insights into the effect of oxygen functional groups on the heterogeneous electron transfer at activated carbons from scanning electrochemical microscopy

Abstract

The influence of surface chemistry on heterogeneous electron transfer at activated carbon (AC) electrodes was studied using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) and conventional electrochemical measurements, which allow for measuring respectively the local and the overall electrode electron transfer rate constants. Using a thermal treatment in air and under argon, commercial activated carbons were either oxidized or defunctionalized. Both treatments lead to a slight decrease of the specific surface area of the material, without altering its pore size distribution and morphology. The nanogap voltammetry and approach curves obtained by SECM were used to characterize the rate constants at the interface between an aqueous solution of ferrocenemethanol (FcMeOH) and the AC electrodes. The heterogeneous electron transfer (HET) rate constant for the untreated AC was 3.4 10−2 ± 0.2 cm s−1 and was increased by about 2.5 and 1.5 times, after oxidizing and defunctionalizing the surface, respectively. SECM results showed that the heat treatment increases the conductivity of AC, and the oxidation of the surface increases the wettability and accessibility of the pores, which are assumed to promote the electron transfer. The local heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant values obtained by SECM are higher, by an order of magnitude, than the global ones obtained from conventional electrochemical macroelectrode measurements. The local information obtained by SECM is valuable for understanding the nanoscale interfacial mechanisms in porous carbon electrodes as a better understanding of the charge storage mechanism is key to improve their electrochemical performances.
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Dates and versions

hal-04235008 , version 1 (10-10-2023)

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Giovanna Franklin, El-Mahdi Halim, Céline Merlet, Pierre-Louis Taberna, Patrice Simon. Insights into the effect of oxygen functional groups on the heterogeneous electron transfer at activated carbons from scanning electrochemical microscopy. Electrochimica Acta, 2023, 465, pp.142944. ⟨10.1016/j.electacta.2023.142944⟩. ⟨hal-04235008⟩
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