Low-cost micro-supercapacitors using porous Ni/MnO2 entangled pillars and Na-based ionic liquids - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Energy Storage Materials Year : 2023

Low-cost micro-supercapacitors using porous Ni/MnO2 entangled pillars and Na-based ionic liquids

Abstract

The enhanced areal energy of three-dimensional (3D) micro-supercapacitors has made these miniaturized energy-storage components increasingly important at the dawn of the Internet of Things. Although ultrahigh-capacitances have been obtained with Ru-based pseudocapacitive materials, their substitution with abundant non-noble transition metals is a key requirement to reduce the price of electrochemical micro-storage systems and enable long-term sustainability. Here we report a cost-effective and industrially feasible approach to realize 3D microsupercapacitors based on highly porous scaffolds of Ni/MnO2. These low-price electrodes exhibit a huge areal capacitance exceeding 4 F cm-2 and excellent cycling stability. In addition, extended cell voltages up to 2.6 V with areal energy of 1159 mJ cm-2 (i.e. 0.3 mWh cm-2) and high power of 11.1 mW cm-2 were achieved using innovative Na-based ionogel electrolytes. We also show a novel micro-supercapacitor design based on entangled porous Ni/MnO2 pillars, combining both energy and power ability on a small footprint area.
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hal-04224179 , version 1 (01-10-2023)

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Botayna Bounor, Jensheer Shamsudeen Seenath, Sai Gourang Patnaik, David Bourrier, Chau Cam Hoang Tran, et al.. Low-cost micro-supercapacitors using porous Ni/MnO2 entangled pillars and Na-based ionic liquids. Energy Storage Materials, 2023, 63, pp.102986. ⟨10.1016/j.ensm.2023.102986⟩. ⟨hal-04224179⟩
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