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Journal Articles American Journal of Surgical Pathology Year : 2023

Sweat Gland Tumors Arising on Acral Sites: A Molecular Survey

Franck Tirode
Marie-Laure Jullie
  • Function : Author
Isabelle Moulonguet
  • Function : Author
Patricia Berthon

Abstract

Background: Recurrent oncogenic drivers have been identified in a variety of sweat gland tumors. Recently, integration of human papillomavirus type 42 (HPV42) has been reported in digital papillary adenocarcinoma (DPA). Objectives: The main objectives of the present study were (i) to provide an overview of the prevalence of previously identified oncogenic drivers in acral sweat gland tumors and (ii) to genetically characterize tumors in which no recurrent genetic alteration has been identified yet. Methods: Cases of acral sweat gland tumors were identified from the database of the French network CARADERM. After histologic review, the presence of previously identified genetic alterations was investigated in the entire cohort (n=79) using a combination of immunohistochemistry and targeted DNA and RNA sequencing. Tumor entities with no recurrent genetic alterations were submitted to whole-transcriptome sequencing. Results: CRTC1::MAML2 fusion was identified in cases of hidradenoma and hidradenocarcinoma (n=9/12 and n=9/12). A p.V600E mutation of BRAF was observed in all cases of tubular adenoma (n=4). YAP1:MAML2 and YAP1::NUTM1 fusions were observed in poroid tumors (n=15/25). ETV6::NTRK3 and TRPS1::PLAG1 fusion transcripts were identified in secretory carcinoma (n=1/1) and cutaneous mixed tumors (n=3/4), respectively. The HPV42 genome was detected in most cases of DPA (n=10/11) and in 1 adnexal adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified. Finally, whole-transcriptome analysis revealed BRD3::NUTM1 or NSD3::NUTM1 fusions in 2 cases of NUT adnexal carcinoma and NCOA4::RET and CCDC6::RET fusion transcripts in 2 cystadenoma/hidrocystoma-like tumors. Conclusion: Our study confirms distinctive cytogenetic abnormalities in a wide number of acral adnexal neoplasms and supports the use of molecular analysis as a valuable aid in the diagnosis of these rare and often difficult to diagnose group of neoplasms.
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hal-04183882 , version 1 (23-08-2023)

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Thibault Kervarrec, Anne Tallet, Nicolas Macagno, Arnaud de la Fouchardière, Daniel Pissaloux, et al.. Sweat Gland Tumors Arising on Acral Sites: A Molecular Survey. American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 2023, 47 (10), pp.1096-1107. ⟨10.1097/PAS.0000000000002098⟩. ⟨hal-04183882⟩
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