Energetics and Kinetic Assembly Pathways of Hepatitis B Virus Capsids in the Presence of Antivirals - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles ACS Nano Year : 2023

Energetics and Kinetic Assembly Pathways of Hepatitis B Virus Capsids in the Presence of Antivirals

Abstract

Capsid assembly modulators (CAMs) are antiviral molecules that disturb the formation of icosahedral viral capsids, in particular, those of the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). We report an integrated, physics-driven study elucidating quantitatively the effects of two classes of CAMs on the HBV capsid assembly. Time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering measurements revealed accelerated self-assembly processes that implied the increase of subunit binding energy from 9- up to 18-fold the thermal energy due to CAMs. Cryotransmission electron microscopy images showed that both classes induce various changes in capsid morphology: from a slight elongation, unrecognized in previous work, to a strong deformation with a capsid size more than twice as large. The observed capsid morphologies were closely reproduced in coarse-grained simulations by varying the Föppl-von-Kármán number, thus pointing out the role of CAMs in altering the capsid elastic energy. Our results illuminate the mechanisms of action of CAMs on HBV capsid assembly at high spatiotemporal resolution and may bring perspectives on virus-derived nanocapsules with tunable morphologies.
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hal-04160101 , version 1 (12-07-2023)

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Kalouna Kra, Siyu Li, Laetitia Gargowitsch Poncet, Jéril Degrouard, Javier Pérez, et al.. Energetics and Kinetic Assembly Pathways of Hepatitis B Virus Capsids in the Presence of Antivirals. ACS Nano, 2023, 17 (13), pp.12723-12733. ⟨10.1021/acsnano.3c03595⟩. ⟨hal-04160101⟩
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