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Journal Articles Journal of the American Ceramic Society Year : 2023

Resolved‐detrimental surface crystallization in yttrium lanthanum gallate glasses for optical fiber applications

Marc Dussauze

Abstract

Gallium-rich heavy metal oxide glasses have become highly attractive optical materials since they exhibit a wide transparency window spanning from the ultraviolet ∼270 nm up to the mid-infrared (IR) region ∼6 μm making them promising for a future integration in optical fiber devices. Nonetheless, in most composition, surface crystallization is a key limiting factor for optical fiber drawing using the classical preform-to-fiber method. Herein, taking advantage of structural information from vibrational spectroscopies (Raman/IR) and 71Ga Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, we describe the key role of lanthanum and yttrium rare—earth elements on the glass structure and their impact on the capability to draw those new glass compositions into optical fibers. This approach emphasizes that yttrium ions as compared with lanthanum ones favor the glass disorder, increasing significantly the fraction of GaO5 units with respect to GaO4. That, combined with thermal analysis and examination of the crystallization behaviors, highlights that Y2O3 prevents the glass devitrification during the glass shaping. The smaller yttrium radius is believed to be the key physical parameter preventing the precipitation of the BayGa5-yGey+1La3-yO14 (y = 0, 1, 2, 3) langasite-type crystal phase. This study remains particularly relevant and opens up the way for the development of highly robust power scaled fiber devices operating from the visible up to the challenging mid-IR domain.
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Thursday, May 9, 2024
Embargoed file
Thursday, May 9, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04136731 , version 1 (21-06-2023)

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Florian Calzavara, Pierre Florian, Franck Fayon, Vincent Sarou-Kanian, Théo Guérineau, et al.. Resolved‐detrimental surface crystallization in yttrium lanthanum gallate glasses for optical fiber applications. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2023, 106 (10), pp.5754-5765. ⟨10.1111/jace.19184⟩. ⟨hal-04136731⟩
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