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Journal Articles Journal of Biological Chemistry Year : 2001

Chromatin is permissive to TATA-binding protein (TBP)-mediated transcription initiation

Eumorphia Remboutsika
  • Function : Author
Xavier Jacq
  • Function : Author


Preinitiation complex assembly is nucleated by the binding of TFIID to the promoters of protein coding genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II. TFIID is comprised of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and TBP-associated factors (TAF(II)s). We investigated the transcription properties of TBP and TFIID on chromatin templates. On naked templates both TBP and purified TFIID are able to initiate basal transcription. However, on chromatin templates only TBP mediates transcription initiation in a heat-treated extract, whereas TFIID does not. Moreover, TBP-mediated chromatin transcription is blocked in a nontreated extract. These observations suggest that a chromatin-targeted repressor is present in crude extracts and that chromatin per se is not refractory to transcription mediated by TBP. As TBP can function through TAF(II)-independent and TAF(II)-dependent pathways, the repression of TBP-mediated basal transcription may be an additional level to the control of Pol II transcription initiation on chromatin.
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Dates and versions

hal-04131743 , version 1 (16-06-2023)



Eumorphia Remboutsika, Xavier Jacq, Laszlo Tora. Chromatin is permissive to TATA-binding protein (TBP)-mediated transcription initiation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2001, 276 (16), pp.12781-12784. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M100481200⟩. ⟨hal-04131743⟩
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