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Journal Articles Physical Review E Year : 2022

Destabilizing resonances of precessing inertia-gravity waves


Instabilities in stratified precessing fluid are investigated. We extend the study by Mahalov [Phys. Fluids A 5, 891 (1993)] in the stably stratified Boussinesq framework, with an external Coriolis force (with rate p) altering the base flow through the distortion of the circular streamlines of the unperturbed axially stratified rotating columns (with constant vorticity 2). It is shown that the inviscid part of the modified velocity flow (0, r, −2ε r sin ϕ) and buoyancy with gradient N 2 (−2ε cos ϕ, 2ε sin ϕ, 1) are an exact solution of Boussinesq-Euler equations. Here (r, ϕ, z) is a cylindrical coordinate system, with ε = p / being the Poincaré number and N the Brunt-Väisälä frequency. The base flow is transformed into a Cartesian coordinate system, and the stability of a superimposed perturbation is studied in terms of Fourier (or Kelvin) modes. The resulting Floquet system for the Fourier modes has three parameters: ε, N = N/ , and μ, which is the angle between the wave vector k and the solid-body rotation axis in the limit ε = 0. In this limit, there are inertia-gravity waves propagating with frequency ±ω and the resonant cases are those for which 2ω = n , n being an integer. We perform an asymptotic analysis to leading order in ε and characterize the destabilizing resonant case of order n = 1 (i.e., the subharmonic instability) which exists and for 0 N < /2. In this range, the subharmonic instability remains the strongest with a maximal growth rate σ m = [ε(5 √ 15/8) √ 1 − 4N 2 /(4 − N 2)]. Stable stratification acts in such a way as to make the subharmonic instability less efficient, so as it disappears for N 0.5. The destabilizing resonant cases of order n = 2, 3, 4, 5 are investigated in detail by numerical computations. The effect of viscosity on these instabilities is briefly addressed assuming the diffusive coefficients (kinematic and thermal) are equal. Likewise, we briefly investigate the case where N 2 < 0 and show that the instability associated to the mode with k 3 = 0 is the strongest.
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hal-04112234 , version 1 (31-05-2023)





N. Benkacem, A. Salhi, A. Khlifi, S. Nasraoui, Claude Cambon. Destabilizing resonances of precessing inertia-gravity waves. Physical Review E , 2022, 105 (3), pp.035107. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.105.035107⟩. ⟨hal-04112234⟩
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