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Journal Articles Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials Year : 2023

Viscoelastic behavior of oral mucosa. A rheological study using small-amplitude oscillatory shear tests

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to determine the viscoelastic behavior of porcine and human oral mucosa under physiological conditions of temperature, hydration and chewing. The linear elastic and viscous shear moduli of these soft tissues were determined by small-amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS) tests at masticatory frequency using a stress-controlled rheometer equipped with an immersion cell on punched biopsies 8 mm in diameter. Non physiological conditions of temperature were also used to access other parameters such as the denaturation temperature of collagen. First, the different parameters such as normal force, frequency and maximal strain were adjusted to obtain reliable data on porcine mucosa. The optimal normal force was 0.1N and the linear viscoelastic limit was found for a strain amplitude of 0.5% for both 0.1 and 1 Hz. The storage moduli of porcine mucosa, ranging from 5 to 16 kPa, were in the same range as cutaneous tissues determined by SAOS at equivalent frequencies. The storage modulus, superior to the loss modulus G″, indicates a predominant elastic contribution to shear stress in chewing conditions. Second, this protocol evidenced an influence of the anatomic site of the mouth on the viscoelastic behavior of porcine mucosa, mandibular biopsies having higher storage moduli than maxillary biopsies. Temperature scans showed the mechanical manifestation of collagen denaturation in the 60–70 °C range as previous calorimetric analyses. Finally, this mechanical protocol was successfully adapted to characterize human mucosa in an elderly population. It was shown that the elastic modulus is impacted by local inflammation (gingivitis), decreasing significantly from 6 ± 1.4 kPa to 2.5 ± 0.3 kPa.
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Dates and versions

hal-04097287 , version 1 (09-11-2023)

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Marie-Hélène Lacoste-Ferré, Camille Ober, Valérie Samouillan. Viscoelastic behavior of oral mucosa. A rheological study using small-amplitude oscillatory shear tests. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 2023, 143, pp.105898. ⟨10.1016/J.JMBBM.2023.105898⟩. ⟨hal-04097287⟩
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