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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Transformations between arbitrary (quantum) objects and the emergence of indefinite causality

Marco Túlio Quintino

Abstract

Many fundamental and key objects in quantum mechanics are linear mappings between particular affine/linear spaces. This structure includes basic quantum elements such as states, measurements, channels, instruments, non-signalling channels and channels with memory, and also higher-order operations such as superchannels, quantum combs, n-time processes, testers, and process matrices which may not respect a definite causal order. Deducing and characterising their structural properties in terms of linear and semidefinite constraints is not only of foundational relevance, but plays an important role in enabling the numerical optimization over sets of quantum objects and allowing simpler connections between different concepts and objects. Here, we provide a general framework to deduce these properties in a direct and easy to use way. Additionally, while primarily guided by practical quantum mechanical considerations, we extend our analysis to mappings between \textit{general} linear/affine spaces and derive their properties, opening the possibility for analysing sets which are not explicitly forbidden by quantum theory, but are still not much explored. Together, these results yield versatile and readily applicable tools for all tasks that require the characterization of linear transformations, in quantum mechanics and beyond. As an application of our methods, we discuss the emergence of indefinite causality in higher-order quantum transformation.

Dates and versions

hal-04088152 , version 1 (03-05-2023)

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Simon Milz, Marco Túlio Quintino. Transformations between arbitrary (quantum) objects and the emergence of indefinite causality. 2023. ⟨hal-04088152⟩
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