Interfacial adsorption and activity of pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 onto heterogeneous plant lipid model membrane - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Biochimie Year : 2023

Interfacial adsorption and activity of pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 onto heterogeneous plant lipid model membrane

Abstract

Pancreatic lipase related-protein 2 (PLRP2) exhibits remarkable galactolipase and phospholipase A1 activities, which depend greatly on the supramolecular organization of the substrates and the presence of surfactant molecules such as bile salts. The objective of the study was to understand the modulation of the adsorption mechanisms and enzymatic activity of Guinea pig PLRP2 (gPLRP2), by the physical environment of the enzyme and the physical state of its substrate. Langmuir monolayers were used to reproduce homogeneous and heterogeneous photosynthetic model membranes containing galactolipids (GL), and/or phospholipids (PL), and/or phytosterols (pS), presenting uncharged or charged interfaces. The same lipid mixtures were also used to form micrometric liposomes, and their gPLRP2 catalyzed digestion kinetics were investigated in presence or in absence of bile salts (NaTDC) during static in vitro, so called “bulk”, digestion. The enzymatic activity of gPLRP2 onto the galactolipid-based monolayers was characterized with an optimum activity at 15 mN/m, in the absence of bile salts. gPLRP2 showed enhanced adsorption onto biomimetic model monolayer containing negatively charged lipids. However, the compositional complexity in the heterogeneous uncharged model systems induced a lag phase before the initiation of lipolysis. In bulk, no enzymatic activity could be demonstrated on GL-based liposomes in the absence of bile salts, probably due to the high lateral pressure of the lipid bilayers. In the presence of NaTDC (4 mM), however, gPLRP2 showed both high galactolipase and moderate phospholipase A1 activities on liposomes, probably due to a decrease in packing and lateral pressure upon NaTDC adsorption, and subsequent disruption of liposomes.
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Dates and versions

hal-04070337 , version 1 (15-04-2023)

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Jeanne Kergomard, Frédéric Carrière, Gilles Paboeuf, Lauriane Chonchon, Nathalie Barouh, et al.. Interfacial adsorption and activity of pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 onto heterogeneous plant lipid model membrane. Biochimie, 2023, 215, pp.12-23. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2023.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-04070337⟩
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