Prophylactic Radical Fimbriectomy with Delayed Oophorectomy in Women with a High Risk of Developing an Ovarian Carcinoma: Results of a Prospective National Pilot Study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2023

Prophylactic Radical Fimbriectomy with Delayed Oophorectomy in Women with a High Risk of Developing an Ovarian Carcinoma: Results of a Prospective National Pilot Study

Jean Yves Charvolin
  • Function : Author
Frédéric Guyon
Frédéric Caquant
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is the gold standard for the prophylaxis of ovarian cancer in high-risk women. Due to significant adverse effects, 20–30% of women delay or refuse early oophorectomy. This prospective pilot study (NCT01608074) aimed to assess the efficacy of radical fimbriectomy followed by a delayed oophorectomy in preventing ovarian and pelvic invasive cancer (the primary endpoint) and to evaluate the safety of both procedures. The key eligibility criteria were pre-menopausal women ≥35 years with a high risk of ovarian cancer who refused a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. All the surgical specimens were subjected to the SEE-FIM protocol. From January 2012 to October 2014, 121 patients underwent RF, with 51 in an ambulatory setting. Occult neoplasia was found in two cases, with one tubal high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. Two patients experienced grade 1 intraoperative complications. No early or delayed grade ≥3 post-operative complications occurred. After 7.3 years of median follow-up, no cases of pelvic invasive cancer have been noted. Three of the fifty-two patients developed de novo breast cancer. One BRCA1-mutated woman delivered twins safely. Twenty-five patients underwent menopause, including fifteen who had received chemotherapy for breast cancer, and twenty-three underwent menopause before the delayed oophorectomy, while two did not undergo a delayed oophorectomy at all. Overall, 46 women underwent a delayed oophorectomy. No abnormalities were found in any delayed oophorectomy specimens. Radical fimbriectomy followed by delayed oophorectomy appears to be a safe and well-tolerated risk-reducing approach, which avoids early menopause for patients with a high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
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Dates and versions

hal-04068556 , version 1 (25-04-2023)

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Éric Leblanc, Fabrice Narducci, Gwénaël Ferron, Audrey Mailliez, Jean Yves Charvolin, et al.. Prophylactic Radical Fimbriectomy with Delayed Oophorectomy in Women with a High Risk of Developing an Ovarian Carcinoma: Results of a Prospective National Pilot Study. Cancers, 2023, 15 (4), ⟨10.3390/cancers15041141⟩. ⟨hal-04068556⟩
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