River incision, 10 Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Earth Surface Dynamics Year : 2023

River incision, 10 Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps)


Abstract. Detrital 10Be from continental river sands or submarine sediments has been extensively used to determine the average long-term denudation rates of terrestrial catchments, based on the assumption that the rate of cosmogenic nuclide production by the interaction of source rocks with cosmic radiation balances out the loss of these nuclides by surface denudation. However, the 10Be signal recorded in sediments may be affected at the source by the response time of mountainous catchments to high-frequency forcings. In addition, transient sediment storage in piedmonts, alluvial plains and lakes or near the coast may also induce a difference between the erosive signal and its record in the sedimentary sink. Consequently, a significant part of the signal recorded in shallow-water sediments can be lost, as deep marine sediments may simultaneously record a signal coming from newly eroded source rocks along with one coming from the destabilization of previously deposited sediments. In this paper, we use the landscape evolution model Badlands to simulate erosion, deposition and detrital 10Be transfer from a source-to-sink sedimentary system (the Var River catchment, southern French Alps) over the last 100 kyr. We first compare model-based denudation rates with the ones that would be extracted from the 10Be record of local continental sediments (equivalent to river sands) and from sediments deposited offshore over time in order to examine if this record provides an accurate estimate of continental denudation rates. Then, we examine which conditions (precipitation rate, flexure, ice cover) satisfy published measured river incision rates and 10Be concentration in submarine sediments. Our results, based on the Var catchment cosmic ray exposure dating and modelling indicate that, while river sands do accurately estimate the average denudation rate of continental catchments, this is much less the case for deep submarine sediments. We find that deep-sea sediments have a different and often much smoother 10Be signature than continental ones and record a significant time lag with respect to imposed precipitation rate changes, representing the geomorphological response of the margin. A model which allows us to fit both measured 10Be concentration in marine sediments and river incision rates on land involves an increase in precipitation rates from 0.3 to 0.7 m yr−1 after 20 ka, suggesting more intense precipitation starting at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum.
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hal-04040730 , version 1 (23-03-2023)





Carole Petit, Tristan Salles, Vincent Godard, Yann Rolland, Laurence Audin. River incision, 10 Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps). Earth Surface Dynamics, 2023, 11 (2), pp.183-201. ⟨10.5194/esurf-11-183-2023⟩. ⟨hal-04040730⟩
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