Loss of NR5A1 in Sertoli cells after sex determination changes their cellular identity and induces their death by anoikis - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Loss of NR5A1 in Sertoli cells after sex determination changes their cellular identity and induces their death by anoikis

Sirine Souali-Crespo
  • Function : Author
Diana Condrea
  • Function : Author
Nadège Vernet
Betty Féret
  • Function : Author
Muriel Klopfenstein
  • Function : Author
Erwan Grandgirard
Violaine Alunni
  • Function : Author
Marie Cerciat
Matthieu Jung
Chloé Mayere
  • Function : Author
Serge Nef
Manuel Mark
Frédéric Chalmel

Abstract

ABSTRACT NR5A1 is an orphan nuclear receptor crucial for gonadal development in mammals. In the mouse testis it is expressed both in Sertoli cells (SC) and Leydig cells (LC). To investigate its role posteriorly to sex determination, we have generated and analysed mice lacking NR5A1 in SC from embryonic day (E) 13.5 onwards ( Nr5a1 SC−/− mutants). Ablation of Nr5a1 impairs the expression of genes characteristic of SC identity (e.g., Sox9, Amh ), makes SC to progressively die from E14.5 by a Trp53 -independent mechanism, and induces disorganization of the testis cords, which, together, yields germ cells (GC) to prematurely enter meiosis and die, instead of becoming quiescent. Single-cell RNA-sequencing experiments revealed that Nr5a1 -deficient SC acquire a pre-granulosa cell-like identity, and profoundly modify the landscape of the adhesion molecules and extracellular matrix they express. We propose therefore that SC lacking NR5A1 transdifferentiate and die by anoikis. Fetal LC do not display major changes in their transcriptome, indicating that SC are not required beyond E14.5 for their emergence or maintenance. In contrast, adult LC were missing in Nr5a1 SC−/− postnatal testes. In addition, adult males display Müllerian duct derivatives (i.e., uterus, vagina), as well as a decreased anogenital distance and a shorter penis that can be explained by loss of AMH production and defective HSD17B1- and HSD17B3-mediated synthesis of testosterone in SC during fetal life. Together, our findings indicate that Nr5a1 expressed in SC after the period of sex determination safeguards SC identity, which maintains proper seminiferous cord organization and prevents GC to enter meiosis.
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hal-04021421 , version 1 (09-03-2023)

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Sirine Souali-Crespo, Diana Condrea, Nadège Vernet, Betty Féret, Muriel Klopfenstein, et al.. Loss of NR5A1 in Sertoli cells after sex determination changes their cellular identity and induces their death by anoikis. 2023. ⟨hal-04021421⟩
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